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Joint Project with Tamba City for Community Development

Project Overview
Tamba City is located in hilly and mountainous areas in Hyogo Prefecture. Although it is full of nature with mountains with many man-made forests and rivers, it faces with the issue of depopulation and aging. In August 2014, the torrential rain hit this area. Whereas many houses were affected by the mudflow and flood of rivers caused by the torrential rain, human damage turned out to be kept at low level due to the fact that the residents actively evacuated in cooperation with each other. Upon making the reconstruction plan from the rain disaster, Tamba City considered that the main reason which minimized the human damage was the “community effort” to support each other in case of emergency, due to being acquainted with neighborhood people at ordinary times.
SEEDS Asia has been involved in the “Project for Community Development” where Tamba City has been actively working in collaboration with outside parties with the aim for reconstruction. SEEDS Asia paid attention to “Hometown Education,” which has been promoted by the city to cultivate “community effort” of which the city is proud, and proposed Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) Education which aims not only to learn about disaster but also to nurture love for hometown by making use of resources of this region. This project is being promoted with Tamba City Board of Education.

The “Promotion of Participatory Disaster Risk Reduction Education through School-Community Linkage” project, being conducted in collaboration with Tamba City Board of Education, pursues the implementation of DRR Education classes which can be easily conducted at schools with the focus on four DRR Education activities (DRR Commuting, DRR Map Making, DRR Seminars, and DRR Drills). In the fiscal year 2016, these four activities were implemented at four “appointed DRR schools” experimentally.

1. DRR Commuting
This activity seeks to look for risky places, safe places, historical places, and student’s favorite places in the communities by making use of the time on the way to and from school. This does not require to spend any regular school hour.
2. DRR Map Making
This activity consists of the two parts of town-watching and mapping. This will visualize the community information by conducting the community town-watching (this activity and DRR Commuting can be conducted at the same time.), and writing down its results onto a blank map.
3. DRR Seminars
This activity is aimed at learning about DRR together with school teachers and community people. School teachers are not in the circumstance to be able to teach about the region over the long term because it is often the case that teachers are in charge of the school district which is different from the area they grew up and sometimes transferred to another school. Therefore, it is expected that this activity will have students learn about their “hometown” by involving community people in School DRR Education.
4. DRR Drills
It is considered better to involve community people at DRR Drills which is held at school at regular intervals, if possible. This is because it is likely that community people will also evacuate to schools when disasters actually occur.

In addition to these activities, it is planned to prepare the educational supplementary teaching book concerning the experiences and lessons of the 2014 torrential rain so as to be handed down to the next generation. In Hyogo Prefecture where Tamba City is located, the educational supplementary teaching book “Asu ni ikiru (We will live tomorrow)”, which was made based on the experiences of the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake, has been already introduced, but it is also believed necessary to utilize the teaching material specialized for the city’s objectives.
It is also intended to create “DRR Education Model Plan” since introducing these activities and the use of the educational supplementary teaching book into school annual plan will facilitate the implementation of the DRR Education throughout the city. It is aimed to encourage DRR Education to let children nurture the love of their hometown, the capacity to respond to disasters, and the attitude to cooperate with surrounding people, at the same time, by making use of the characteristics of Tamba City with abundant regional resources.